|Pictorial / landscapes
6x9 cm or larger camera.
4x5 and larger cameras should have a groundglass and be capable
of lens movements to insure adequate focus with near and far
Large negative provides excellent detail and tonality, even with
N+2 processing. As they say, there is no substitute for displacement.
6x4.5cm camera with scale focusing
or depth-of-field chart printed out.
Medium-sized negative provides very good tonality and detail
and allow for N+2 processing without noticeable grain.
Large grain relative to the size of details on film impedes
the perception of depth, regardless of lens resolution.
Small negatives require large degrees of enlargement, degrading
35mm camera provides unobtrusive size
(generally) and provides excellent picture quality at close range.
35mm flash systems are typically sophisticated (most now feature
TTL meterning) and capable of pleasing results.
6x4.5cm or 6x6 camera with focusing
mechanism allows excellent tonality in ambient light in a relatively
Medium-format flash systems are less sophisticated, often requiring
6x9 cm or larger cameras. These do
not allow for quick action so as to preserve expressions. Large
size and weight is intimidating to subjects and makes shooting
Already-primitive operation is impeded by the use of shutter-mounted
PC cords, which tend to become unplugged.
35mm camera (rangefinder or compact
SLR) provides good image quality at all distances and is unobtrusive.
Best lens length is 35mm.
Folding 6x4.5cm or 6x6 camera with
60-75mm lens, if small enough, can give medium-format performance
from a package not much bigger and heavier than a 35mm camera.
|6x9 or larger cameras. While some exceptions
can be made for compact items like the Brooks Veriwide,
cameras in this size range are bulky, heavy and often require tripods.
|Close facial Portraits
Reflex- or groundglass-viewing 6x4.5 or larger
camera with normal or telephoto lens (80mm or longer for a 6x4.5).
Medium or large format provides best tonality, coupled with
a negative big enough to retouch if necessary.
35mm SLR with groundglass focusing screen (or spot
autofocus) and normal or telephoto lens (50-105mm).
A good groundglass (B, D or E) screen is easier to focus on
a face than one with a focusing aid (split screen, microprism,
etc.), and when the stopdown lever is pushed, will show depth
of field without blackout.
Pro-level SLRs like the Nikon F3 have
complete frame coverage and can be focused anywhere on frame.
35mm rangefinder camera with large-aperture 85-105mm
lens or 6x9 rangefinder with 100-180mm lens.
Primary disadvantage of RF normal lens is that most focus to
Disadvantage of RF system is that focus cannot be precisely controlled
as a composition element; off-center focusing is difficult and